CALSEC has pioneered femtotechnology sensors, the standoff, instant, automatic detection devices (“chemical nose”) that identify explosives, bioagents (including anthrax) and nuclear materials in a matter of 10’s of seconds to 3 minutes through steel and other barriers, and have proven to provide 97% accurate detection rates in field tests conducted by the US and foreign law enforcement agencies. In addition to security applications, use of femto sensors in petrochemical industry and as environmental monitors holds promise for significant short term returns. The recent transfer of femto technology to medicine is opening up femtomedicine, a new frontier in noninvasive cancer diagnosis [Encl.#3]. The management believes that global economic and humanitarian impact of CALSEC’s femtotechnology will be comparable to that of the discovery of X-rays at the turn of 20th century. Femto-technology derives its advantage from the use of fast neutron radiation whose wave length is a million times shorter and more penetrating than that of nanotechnology, on which the current chemical and medical probes are based. The technology was developed and commercialized in 2005 by CALSEC’s Chief Technology Officer and his team. Femto-technology has been largely overlooked due to a hostile takeover of the original company, just when its products begun to sell, followed by its bankruptcy in 2007 upon the exit of the scientific team, that is now CALSEC’s team. Twelve patent applications are owned by CALSEC.
“Femto-technology” arises from the enormously shorter wave-length of the fast neutron radiation which, in turn, allows its much deeper penetration into matter. Fast neutron wavelength is a femto-meter (millionth of a nanometer) - the size of the atomic nucleus. Fast neutrons interacts “locally” with each single atomic nucleus, unaffected by its molecular bonds. In contrast, security sensors use nanometer (a billionth of meter) wave-lengths which is the size of a molecule; thus X rays interact with the entire molecule. Radiation from Medical imagers is in micrometers (a millionth of a meter), which is the cell size, thus MRI or ultra sound interact with the entire cell. This makes FNA a femto-technology, as opposed to the competing nano and micro technologies. FNA can “count’ the number of individual atoms of each element within a molecule which, in turn, amounts to deciphering its empirical chemical formula. CALSEC's proprietary analytical algorithms synthesize gamma spectrum data emitted by an irradiated specimen, outputting both the precise atomic makeup and coordinates of target interrogated.